سودان

Sudanese Revolution Coverage

After government forces committed a massacre to break up the two-month long sit-in at Sudanese Military Headquarters in Khartoum, the tense and controversial negotiations process between the Forces of Freedom and Change (a coalition of opposition movements representing the revolutionaries) and the Transitional Military Council (a government established after the overthrow of Omar al-Bashir through military coup on April 11th) came to an end. With at least 100 dead and hundreds injured, devastated revolutionaries have escalated their civil disobedience, and the Sudanese Professionals Association and the Forces of Freedom and Change have called for the downfall of the TMC.

We'll keep track of events on this page, updating regularly. For a background to the events, read What’s Happening in Sudan? Explaining the Last Two Months.

Follow @HatimAlTai2 and @ArabTyrantMan on Twitter.

July 5, 2019
SPA declares revolutionary victory

FFC gives a press conference regarding the deal

In the press conference, the FFC states:

  1. We have to no exclusionary agenda, and the transitional period is for reconciliation, not revenge.
  2. We will make an effort to achieve lasting peace in the first six months.
  3. Military presence in the streets will be reduced.
  4. The names of the members of the sovereign council and the prime minister will be announced this week.
  5. The formation of the legislative council will be delayed for three months due to our insistence on the participation of all revolutionary forces.
  6. Three months is enough time to reach an understanding with armed groups.
  7. We’ve prepared our candidates for the sovereign council and the prime minister.

UAE voices support for deal.

The UAE’s Anwar Gargash congratulates Sudan on a “a deal that establishes a promising political transition.”

The SPA declares revolutionary victory, confirms national investigation into massacre

The Sudanese Professionals Association declares the revolution’s victory, and describes the deal as follows:

  1. A three-year and three month transitional period with:
    1. The first six months dedicated to achieving peace in the country.
    2. The first 21 months being headed by a military president.
    3. The last 18 months being headed by a civilian president.
    4. A cabinet of qualified ministers chosen by the FFC.
    5. A sovereign council of 6 civilians and 5 members of the military.
    6. The delay of the formation of the legislative council until the sovereign council and cabinet of ministers are formed.
  2. A confirmation of the deal with the help of a committee of jurists.
  3. An independent, national investigation into all events since April 11th.

تجمع المهنيين السودانيين#بيانيا خليلاً نم مطمئن القلب عن وطنٍغذيته بغذاء الروح والفهمأهاب بالشعب ما أرسلت من…

Geplaatst door ‎تجمع المهنيين السودانيين‎ op Donderdag 4 juli 2019

July 4, 2019
The TMC denies responsibility for internet blackout, TMC and FFC come to an agreement

The TMC and the FFC come to an agreement

Direct negotiations continue

The TMC claims it is not responsible for internet blackout

Kassala professionals protest negotiations

Professionals in Kassala, Sudan stand in front of the Educational Hospital, protesting the FFC’s return to negotiations.

July 3, 2019
The FFC agrees to direct negotiations with the TMC on certain conditions

The TMC agrees to release protesters

The AU mediator states that, in accordance with the FFC’s conditions, the TMC has decided to release all protesters detained during the June 30th protests.

FFC and TMC meet and negotiate, set to continue tomorrow

After a face-to-face meeting between the TMC and the FFC, the African Union mediator states: “the two sides agreed on many issues, and will continue negotiations tomorrow.”

The FFC agrees to direct negotiations with the TMC on certain conditions

The FFC accepts the AU mediators’ call for direct negotiation, and lay out some conditions. Those are:

  1. The reception of a document outlining FFC’s proposed changes to the AU proposal.
  2. “Trust-building initiatives,” which include:
    1. An independent investigation into the massacre.
    2. A time limit on negotiations, which is to be 72 hours.
    3. The release of FFC leaders and leaders of the revolutionary neighborhood committees.
    4. The lifting of the internet ban.

The FFC also states that there is only one point to be negotiated: the composition of the sovereign council.

July 2, 2019
More SPA leaders arrested, AU-Ethiopian mediators hold press conference

17:51 CAT

AU-Ethiopian mediators hold a press conference, say a deal is "imminent"

In the press conference, the AU mediators state:

  1. They have put forth a balanced proposal to help the two sides reach an understanding.
  2. A deal between the TMC and the FFC is imminent.
  3. They urge both sides to agree on the composition of the sovereign council and a civilian government lead by a person nominated by the FFC.
  4. They have called both sides to meet tomorrow.

In the press conference, the Ethiopian mediators state:

  1. Consultations with the TMC and the FFC are still ongoing.
  2. There’s a lot of agreement between the two sides on all points but the sovereign council.
  3. A deal between the TMC and the FFC is closer than it’s ever been.

12:19 CAT

Security forces arrest two more FFC leaders

The SPA reports that two more of its leaders have been arrested, and three had their houses raided.

19:36 CAT

The UAE calls for deescalation

UAE Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Anwar Gargash:

“What is important in Sudan is that dialogue continues without antagonism and towards a deal surrounding transitional and institutional arrangements that guarantee a stable constitutional system. It is necessary to avoid hostility and escalation, and it’s clear that the opposition and the military need one another, a deal, and to avoid the aggravation of the crisis.”

July 1, 2019
TMC demands transitional presidency, FFC announces another Millions March

21:00 CAT

The FFC holds a press conference, calls for another Millions March

In the press conference, the FFC:

  1. Calls for Millions Marches and civil disobedience on July 13th and 14th.
  2. Announces that they have some “reservations” in regards to the AU-Ethiopian proposal.
  3. They they have informed AU mediators of the necessity of a time limit on negotiations.

 

20:40 CAT

The FFC releases a statement, renews demands

The FFC releases a statement, where they renew their demands, calling for:

  1. An independent, regionally-backed investigation into all deaths since April 11th.
  2. The immediate transfer of authority to a civilian government with a civilian-military sovereign council with supervisory powers, a cabinet of ministers made up of impartial technocrats with full executive powers, and a civilian legislative council made up of revolutionary forces.

13:16 CAT

The TMC demands full presidency in the sovereign council

The TMC demands that it assumes “continuous presidency/leadership in the sovereign council,” a repudiation of the FFC’s demands for a rotating-civilian head for the sovereign council.

07:56 CAT

Protests continue after the discovery of 3 bodies

After the discovery of three corpses, protesters in Omdurman begin demonstrating and building roadblocks.

05:57 CAT

The TMC releases a statement regarding the Millions March, criticizes FFC for changing march direction

In the statement, the chair of the TMC’s security council says:

  1. We were hoping for a return to negotiations and final agreement this week, but unfortunately, the FFC called for further escalation.
  2. We were disappointed to see the marches redirected towards the Republican Palace.
  3. The FFC breached their commitments and chose to escalate.
  4. Government forces practiced restraint despite being provoked.
  5. Members of the RSF and the police were injured by gunfire.
  6. Government forces will not allow disruptive, destabilizing protests that endanger citizens.

June 30, 2019
The Millions March takes place

22:49 CAT

7 deaths and 181 injuries among protesters

A government-owned Sudanese news agency reports 7 deaths and 181 injuries.

19:19 CAT

Reports of heavy violence against protesters in Darfur

CAT

The RSF reports three injuries from their forces

The RSF reports that 3 officers were injured after being shot with bullets that came from the protesters’ side.

18:55 CAT

Security forces storm al-Gedarif hospital

18:55 CAT

31 protesters injured in Omdurman

31 protesters are injured, 4 with live ammunition in security forces’ efforts to prevent Omdurman protesters from getting into Khartoum.

18:42 CAT

RSF forces begin attacking

RSF forces prevent Omdurman protesters from crossing the bridge into Khartoum and treat them violently.

18:29 CAT

SPA announces new direction for marches

After government forces prevent protesters from reaching the Republican Palace, the SPA announces new directions for marches.

17:58 CAT

Security forces fire tear gas at protesters near the Republican Palace

17:22 CAT

The TMC calls the AU-Ethiopian proposal "excellent," calls for a return to negotiations

The TMC says the AU-Ethiopian proposal represents an “excellent” basis for negotiations, and that they are prepared to negotiate that day.

17:16 CAT

Reports of bridges being closed

Reports of the government closing bridges to prevent protesters from reaching the Republican Palace.

16:53 CAT

Protesters in East Nile cross the bridge into Khartoum

16:32 CAT

A protester is killed in Atbara

Khalid, a man in his twenties from Atbara, dies from a gunshot to the chest.

15:28 CAT

The SPA asks protesters to change course and go to the Republican Palace

15:14 CAT

Hemeti says there's a sniper targetting protesters, says his forces will move to combat them

Hemeti also says that the TMC wants a deal that represents all the people of Sudan.

13:00 CAT

Millions March demonstrations take place all across the country

As per the SPA’s call, the Millions March takes place across the country.

June 29, 2019
TMC prevents SPA press conference, says the FFC is “responsible” for any bloodshed on the 30th

Security forces storm SPA headquarters, prevent press conference from being held

Troika countries announce their support for the AU-Ethiopian proposal

The US, Canada, and Norway support the AU-Ethiopian proposal in a Troika statement and call on the TMC and the FFC to engage with the proposal.

Al-Burhaan gives a speech, says that the TMC is prepared to hand over power to an elected government

In his speech, al-Burhaan says:

  1. We will not allow more political exclusion in Sudan.
  2. We are staying with the Sudanese people to support them in achieving the goals of their revolution.
  3. The Sudanese people are tired of words and false promises.
  4. We are prepared to hand over power to any government elected by the Sudanese people.

Hemeti gives a speech, says the FFC is responsible for any bloodshed on the 30th

In his speech, Hemedti says:

  1. Military forces are spread throughout Khartoum to protect the people, not to harass them.
  2. We are for freedom of expression and against disrupting traffic and closing roads.
  3. We are not against protesting, but there are saboteurs carrying weapons with a special agenda who come to protests.
  4. We wish to form a government that represents all the people of Sudan.
  5. The FFC is responsible for the victims of any violence that happens on June 30th.

The TMC calls the AU-Ethiopian proposal "suitable for a return to negotiations"

The TMC spokesperson that while they have some notes in regards to the proposal, it is “suitable for a return to negotiations.”

June 28, 2019
Al-Assam says civilian government “won’t hurry” to withdraw forces from Yemen, FFC leader arrested

The FFC holds a press conference, calls TMC "responsible" for any sabotage on June 30th

In the press conference, the FFC states:

  1. The TMC will be responsible for any sabotage that takes place on June 30th.
  2. The TMC has repressed the Field Committee.

The TMC makes a statement, explains why Attorney General was removed

In the statement, al-Burhaan states:

  1. Sudan’s Attorney General was removed for slowing the investigation into the former regime.
  2. Salah Gosh (former intelligence head) left Sudan without the TMC’s approval.
  3. If the FFC wants to form a government, the TMC is ready.

The TMC detains an FFC leader and another activist

The SPA announces that Yasseen Hassan, the Chairman of the Teacher’s Committee, and Mr. Mahsoud Alhasan, a leader within the FFC, have been detained. They also call on the international community to demand their immediate release.

Al-Assam says civilian government "won't hurry" to withdraw troops from Yemen

Muhammad Naji al-Assam, SPA spokesperson and leader in the FFC, states that the civilian government “won’t hurry” to withdraw from the Saudi coalition in Yemen, adding:

“Making a decision like [the one of withdrawing troops] requires consulting with Saudi Arabia and the UAE, but we’re also against any deal with them that hurts the Sudanese people.”

Source: Kosh News (Sudanese newspaper)

June 27, 2019
FFC receives agreement proposal from AU-Ethiopian mediators

FFC announces the time for the Millions March

The FFC announces that the Millions March of June 30th will take begin at 1PM (Sudan time), sharp.

FFC receives agreement proposal from the AU-Ethiopian mediation

The FFC receives a draft proposal from the joint African Union-Ethiopian mediation, proposing a “declaration of principles” for the TMC and the FFC to agree upon. The FFC states that it has already agreed to the proposal “with some notes,” and that it is studying the current proposal to make sure these suggestions were implemented.

June 26, 2019
SPA meets with Beja Congress Party and military continues crackdown on protests

Military forces attack a peaceful protest in Kassala

SPA-Kassala announces that a peaceful protest in Kassala was attacked by Sudanese military forces.

US considers sanctions against the TMC

Deputy Assistant Secretary for East Africa and the Sudans, Makila James, says the US is considering “all options,” including “visa sanctions or economic sanctions” in the event that the TMC continues violence against protesters. James also states that the US believes the best solution to the Sudan crisis is an agreement between the TMC and the FFC.

Source: Reuters

Sadig al-Mahdi denounces escalation of revolutionary activities

National Umma Party leader Sadig al-Mahdi denounces the escalation of revolutionary activities (potentially referring to the planned June 30th march), urging revolutionaries to wait until the TMC’s stance becomes clear, and they unambiguously reject an agreement.

The SPA meets with the Beja Congress Party, agrees on the importance of achieving "political harmony"

The SPA meets with a delegation from the Beja Congress Party, which, in the meeting, voiced its support for civilian, technocratic governance during the transitional period, and suggested that the SPA seek out “political harmony” by continuing to meet with non-FFC parties (so long as they were uninvolved in the 1989 coup). The SPA agreed to the suggestion.